EDUKASI PERAWATAN FOOT AND ANKLE EXERCISES TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN KOMPLIKASI KAKI DIABETIK PADA PENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS

Baiq Ruli Fatmawati, Marthilda Suprayitna, Kurniati Prihatin, Zuliardi Zuliardi, Zaenal Arifin, Zuhratul Hajri

Abstract


Abstrak: Komplikasi penyakit diabetes mellitus yang sering dijumpai adalah kaki diabetik yang ditandai dengan ulkus, infeksi, gangren dan artropi charcot. Upaya pencegahan kaki diabetic dilakukan dengan cara pemeriksaan, perawatan dan Foot and Ankle Exercises, sehingga dapat mencegah terjadinya luka dan dapat meningkatkan vaskularisasi pada kaki penderita diabetes mellitus. Tujuan pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini adalah untuk mengedukasi masyarakat tentang bagaimana perawatan dan Foot and Ankle Exercises pada penderita diabetes mellitus di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Penimbung, Gunungsari, Lombok Barat. Metode yang digunakan melalui pendidikan kesehatan tentang perawatan dan pelatihan senam kaki (Foot and Ankle Exercises) sebagai tindakan pencegahan terhadap komplikasi kaki diabetik pada 35 responden dengan diabetes mellitus. Evaluasi Akhir Program Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat ini adalah diperolehnya pengetahuan penderita diabetes mellitus terhadap perawatan kaki yang menunjukkan peningkatan nilai rerata post test menjadi 75 dari nilai rerata pada pre test 31 terhadap 30 responden. Diharapkan informasi yang telah disampaikan dalam modul dapat dijadikan panduan dalam memantau penatalaksanaan perawatan kaki pada diabetes mellitus serta Kegiatan senam kaki ini dapat dilakukan secara teratur dirumah dan gerakannya disesuaikan dengan kemampuan tubuh.

Abstract: A complication of diabetes mellitus often encountered by diabetic foot which is characterized by ulcers, infection and gangrene and Charcot’s anthropic. Prevention of diabetic food is done examination, Foot treatment and Ankle Exercises, can prevent injury and can increase vascularity blood in feet. The purpose of devotion to this community  is a educate the public about how to care foot with Foot treatment and Ankle Exercises for people with diabetes mellitus  in Penimbung public Health Center, sub district Gunungsari, West Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. Methods used through health education regarding the care and training of foot and ankle exercises as a preventive measure against complications of diabetic foot in 35 respondent with diabetes mellitus. Final Evaluation of Community Service Program obtained knowledge of diabetes mellitus sufferers on foot care which shows an increase in the mean value of the posttest to 75 from the mean value in the pre-test 31 to 35 respondents. the information that has been conveyed in the module can be used as a guide in monitoring the management of foot care in diabetes mellitus and this Foot treatment and Ankle Exercises can be done regularly at home and the movements are adjusted to the body's ability.


Keywords


Pemeriksaan, Perawatan, Senam Kaki, Diabetes Mellitus.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31764/jces.v3i3.2919

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