KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL OF THE HEALTH CADRES ABOUT BASIC LIFE SUPPORT

Edi Purwanto, Indah Dwi Pratiwi, Lilis Setyowati

Abstract


Abstrak: Pertolongan pertama yang segera diberikan pada kasus cardiac arrest yang timbul di masyarakat sebenarnya bukan hanya tanggung jawab petugas Kesehatan. Orang awam/anggota masyarakat seyogyanya mempunyai pengetahuan dan keterampilan dasar tentang penanganan kasus kedaruratan umum yang sering ditemui dimasyarakat. Belum masuknya program pelatihan penanganan kasus kedaruratan umum untuk orang awam/layperson dalam agenda pembinaan kesehatan oleh pemerintah, akan meningkatan angka kematian pada kelompok orang yang beresiko tersebut. Oleh karena itu, perlu dilakukan kegiatan pelatihan dan pendampingan tindakan Bantuan Hidup Dasar (BHD). Mitra yang terlibat adalah sebanyak 26 Kader Kesehatan di Kota Malang. Metode pelaksanaan kegiatan pengabdian ini adalah pendampingan dan pelatihan tindakan pendampingan tindakan Bantuan Hidup Dasar (BHD) yang meliputi kasus tersedak benda asing, dan kasus henti napas dan henti jantung. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah adanya peningkatan kemampuan kognitif dari peserta setelah diadakan pendampingan dan pelatihan.

Abstract: Immediate first aid given in cardiac arrest cases that arise in the community is not the only responsibility of health workers. Laypersons should have basic knowledge and skills regarding handling general emergency cases encountered in the community. The absence of a general emergency case handling training program for laypersons in the government’s health development agenda will increase the mortality rate for these groups of people at risk. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out training activities and assistance for Basic Life Support skills. The partners involved were 26 Health Cadres in Malang City. The method used for the service activity is mentoring and training for assistance for Basic Life Support skills, including choking on foreign objects and respiratory arrest and cardiac arrest. There was an improvement in the participants’ cognitive abilities after mentoring and training skills.


Keywords


Cardiac Arrest; Knowledge; Skill.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Buléon, C., Parienti, J. J., Halbout, L., Arrot, X., De Facq Régent, H., Chelarescu, D., Fellahi, J. L., Gérard, J. L., & Hanouz, J. L. (2013). Improvement in chest compression quality using a feedback device (CPRmeter): A simulation randomized crossover study. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 31(10). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2013.07.029

Coggins, A. R., Nottingham, C., Byth, K., Ho, K. R., Aulia, F. A., Murphy, M., Shetty, A. L., Todd, A., & Moore, N. (2019). Randomised controlled trial of simulation-based education for mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation training. Emergency Medicine Journal, 36(5). https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2017-207431

Dooris, M., & Heritage, Z. (2013). Healthy cities: Facilitating the active participation and empowerment of local people. Journal of Urban Health, 90(SUPPL 1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-011-9623-0

Gülmez-Dağ, G. (2019). Are tomorrow’s teachers ready to save lives in cases of emergency? Elementary Education Online, 18(2), 893–902. https://doi.org/10.17051/ilkonline.2019.562071

Hachambachari, Y., Fahkarzadeh, L., & Shariati, A. A. (2017). The Comparison of the Effect of Two Different Teaching Methods of Role-Playing and Video Feedback on Learning Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). World Family Medicine Journal/Middle East Journal of Family Medicine, 15(8). https://doi.org/10.5742/mewfm.2017.93082

Haldane, V., Chuah, F. L. H., Srivastava, A., Singh, S. R., Koh, G. C. H., Seng, C. K., & Legido-Quigley, H. (2019). Community participation in health services development, implementation, and evaluation: A systematic review of empowerment, health, community, and process outcomes. In PLoS ONE (Vol. 14, Issue 5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0216112

Kleinman, M. E., Brennan, E. E., Goldberger, Z. D., Swor, R. A., Terry, M., Bobrow, B. J., Gazmuri, R. J., Travers, A. H., & Rea, T. (2015). Part 5: Adult basic life support and cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality: 2015 American Heart Association guidelines update for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation, 132(18). https://doi.org/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000259

Meissner, T. M., Kloppe, C., & Hanefeld, C. (2012). Basic life support skills of high school students before and after cardiopulmonary resuscitation training: A longitudinal investigation. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 20. https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-7241-20-31

Nugrahani, T. S., Suharni, Saptatiningsih, R. I., & Azman, M. N. A. (2019). The effects of community empowerment and participation in the reduction of poverty: A case study on potorono and Wonokromo Bantul Villages. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 7(9).

Pratiwi, I., & Purwanto, E. (2016). Basic Life Support: Pengetahuan Dasar Siswa Sekolah Menengah Atas. Jurnal Keperawatan, 7(2).

Song, Y., Oh, J., & Chee, Y. (2015). A new chest compression depth feedback algorithm for high-quality CPR based on smartphone. Telemedicine and E-Health, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.1089/tmj.2014.0051

Srither, D., & Lateef, F. (2016). A novel CPR training method using a smartphone app. Journal of Acute Disease, 5(6). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joad.2016.08.025

Wagner, M., Bibl, K., Hrdliczka, E., Steinbauer, P., Stiller, M., Gröpel, P., Goeral, K., Salzer-Muhar, U., Berger, A., Schmölzer, G. M., & Olischar, M. (2019). Effects of feedback on chest compression quality: A randomized simulation study. Pediatrics, 143(2). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-2441

Whitfield, S., Macquarrie, A., & Boyle, M. (2020). Responding to a cardiac arrest: Keeping paramedics safe during the COVID-19 pandemic. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, 17, 1–3. https://doi.org/10.33151/ajp.17.809

Wilks, J., & Pendergast, D. (2017). Skills for life: First aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation in schools. In Health Education Journal (Vol. 76, Issue 8, pp. 1009–1023). SAGE Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1177/0017896917728096




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31764/jces.v4i1.3532

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

JCES is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

EDITORIAL OFFICE: