Advancing Computational Thinking in Mathematics Education: a Systematic Review of Indonesian Research Landscape

Edi Irawan, Rizky Rosjanuardi, Sufyani Prabawanto


Computational Thinking (CT) has emerged as a crucial and foundational skill in the 21st century, capturing the attention of researchers across various domains, including mathematics education in Indonesia. This research identifies and analyzes trends, themes, focuses, and research findings on CT through mathematics learning in Indonesia. This Systematic Literature Review (SLR) adheres to the PRISMA guidelines, encompassing three stages: search, selection, and data analysis. The search process on the Scopus database, utilizing queries aligned with the research objectives, yielded 31 articles related to CT and mathematics education authored by Indonesian researchers. Subsequent selection involved criteria such as research focus, study type, document availability, and intervention differences, resulting in 14 articles. Data analysis employed Bibliometrix and NVivo 14 Plus software. The findings reveal a significant increase in research on CT in mathematics education from Indonesian researchers over the past two years, with an annual growth rate of 5.74%. This publication landscape involves contributions from 39 authors affiliated with 16 higher education institutions in Indonesia. Researchers have delved into diverse themes, including the analysis of CT skill achievement, the development of CT-oriented instructional models and media, and the creation of assessment tools to measure CT skills. These findings underscore the broad relevance of CT in the realm of mathematics education. As a burgeoning field of study, numerous aspects of CT remain open for further research, development, and exploration, especially those related to mathematics. To enhance the impact and implementation of Computational Thinking (CT) within the context of Indonesian education, future research may consider investigating innovative pedagogical approaches, assessing the long-term impact of CT interventions, and exploring the potential integration of CT across various educational levels.


Computational Thinking; Indonesian Landscape; Mathematics Education; Systematic Review.

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